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Sir Francis Drake

Fuji - Thursday



A summary is a brief paragraph, written in your own words, that tells the main events or main points of a text in order. It is important to summarise what you have read because it helps you:

  • pick out the important information
  • remember what you have read and
  • understand the story better

Who is a summary written for? It is for yourself and your teacher! So you need to remember to use all of the correct punctuation (capital letters, commas, full stops, apostrophes) and spelling.



Fronted Adverbials

Remember to focus on using correct punctuation for your fronted adverbials.

The summary sentence stems are all fronted adverbials. Remember to use a comma after the fronted adverbial. A fronted adverbial:

  • goes at the beginning of a sentence
  • describes the verb (action) in the sentence
  • describes where, when or how the action happens



  This week, I would like you to focus on using correct punctuation for your fronted adverbials.

 The fronted adverbial in this sentence is 'This week'. Notice how there is a comma after it.


 Steps for writing a summary


Sentence stems (use these to start each sentence of your summary)

At the beginning,



After that,

Following that,



Summary example from last week's reading:



 Task: Can you write a summary of the next part of our book Journey to the River Sea


Youtube clip - (33:03 - 41:30 on the clip)


Journey to the River Sea

View document year_4/chapter_2_-_p2.pdf


Support Group Summary

If you need some extra help to choose the main events of the story, I have written them here for you. Your job is to put them in order first AND use the sentence stems to write your summary. Just like we do in class.


Don't forget to use the sentence stems: 

At the beginning,



After that,

Following that,





Last week, you used the story mountain organiser to write the 'build up' paragraph of your narrative. Today, you are going to use it to write the next paragraph of your story. The dilemma/problem.

Remember, in the dilemma/problem paragraph:

  • the main character faces the big problem
  • something is going very wrong for the main character
  • this part of the story is the worst for the main character


Don't forget to use the known story plots to help you with what you need to include in each part of the story. Click here to see the story plots again.



Task: Write a dilemma/problem paragraph for your narrative. 

We will add to this story each week so make sure, if you are writing using pen and paper, to leave lots of room over the next two pages to finish your story. 


Try to use at least one of these Alan Peat sentences in your dilemma paragraph.


 Don't forget to re-read your writing out loud to check it for:



You may either: 

  • write your narrative in pen/pencil and send me a photo of your work or
  • type your paragraph to me in an email

Please send me all of your opening paragraph, build up paragraph AND the dilemma paragraph so I can see how your story is flowing.

Please send your work to 




Hands on Activity - Learn How to Make Lunch Yourself

 Children from all over the world eat different types of foods for lunch. Sandwiches are a common lunch food because they are quick to make and you don't need to cook them. 

Fun Fact: When I was in Year 4, I thought I HATED sandwiches. But, it turns out that I just didn't like the sandwiches my mum made for me. So one day she said, "Okay Miss Hobbs, you can make your own lunch from now on." And I discovered that, once I experimented with different spreads and fillings and made my sandwiches myself, I loved them!

The video below shows children trying different sandwiches from all over the world.



Task: Can you make your own sandwich for lunch? It could be your favourite spread on two slices of bread or it could be a cafe style sandwich with lots of different fillings.

Your sandwich is completely up to you because you're the one who is going to eat it!

If you don't know how to make a sandwich yourself, watch the video below.  It might be difficult to get it right if this is your first time but, don't worry, each time you practise you will get better and quicker at doing it yourself.

If you like, you can send me a video or photo of your sandwich at  I will post the photos in the new Independent Champions section of our Year 4 weekly page.


Very simple instructions to make a basic sandwich



 It is important to learn how to do things for yourself. This is called being INDEPENDENT. Learning to be more independent and do things for yourself helps you:

  • learn new things
  • build self-esteem and confidence
  • make good decisions
  • develop responsibility
  • feel important and like you belong
  • develop coordination